This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations
NEW YORK, JANUARY 19 – The Iranian nuclear deal is working and is “a proof of how diplomacy can effectively lead to a solution to nuclear non-proliferation issues”, the Italian Representative to the UN Sebastiano Cardi said on Wednesday, addressing a UN Security Council debate on non-proliferation convened by the Swedish rotating presidency. Cardi spoke in his national capacities after presenting, in his role as Facilitator, a six month report on the mechanism of implementation of the agreement announced in Vienna on July 14 2015 by the representatives of Iran, the five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany, and the European Union.
The deal, also known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPoA, has been set up with a robust and comprehensive structure, supported by a solid verification mechanism, in order to enhance the transparency of the deal. “From 18 July to 20 December 2016, there have been more than 72,000 page views of the resolution 2231 website – a key channel of information – for a total of more than 140,000 since its creation”, Cardi noted.
Italy inherited from Spain the role of Facilitator, as Rome became one of the ten non-permanent member of the Security Council on January 1 2017. Touching on the main three aspects of the document and mentioning the two quarterly reports on verification and monitoring activities of the IAEA, the Italian official specifies how Iran “has not pursued construction of the existing Arak heavy water research reactor based on its original design, and that Iran has not conducted any uranium enrichment or related research and activities at the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant”. Cardi quoted then the IAEA Director General, confirming that the Islamic Republic of Iran, removing all excess centrifuges and infrastructure from the Fordow Plant, has followed the guidelines of the JCPoA.
Previously Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, said that the UN “has not received any report, nor is aware of any open source information regarding the supply, sale or transfer to Iran of nuclear-related items undertaken contrary to the provisions of the resolution”.
In his speech as Italian Representative, Sebastiano Cardi stressed on how Italy’s commitment to reinforce IAEA’s job remains strong, and highlighted the leadership role of Federica Mogherini, European Union Foreign Affairs High Representative, which coordinated the Joint Commission established by the JCPoA.
January 16 was the second anniversary of the Implementation Day, a milestone for the international community that shaped a new form of relations with Iran. Sebastiano Cardi said that “it is clear that the JCPoA is working for all”, and together with the 2015 Security Council resolution on ‘Ballistic missile-related transfers and activities’, has made important steps forward so far.