Stranger Things entra al Congresso degli Stati Uniti

La serie TV in onda su Netflix usata dal membro della Camera dei Rappresentanti David Cicilline per spiegare la situazione del Paese all’indomani dell’elezione di Donald Trump

di Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

Succede anche questo negli Stati Uniti, che sembrano vivere un vero e proprio “sottosopra” dall’elezione di Donald J. Trump: il democratico Congressman David Cicilline, membro della House of Representatives, in un intervento al Congresso si presenta con un cartello che recita “Trump Things” riprendendo la trama del telefilm Stranger Things, in onda su Netflix.

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Il cartello usato da David Cicilline nel corso del suo intervento al Congresso degli Stati Uniti

Cicilline parla di un Paese Upside Down, dove “il giusto è sbagliato, ciò che sta su ora sta giù, ciò che è nero ora è bianco”. E attacca le politiche di Trump: “Si avvicina a Valdimir Putin e volta le spalle ai nostri alleati tradizionali. Firma un ordine esecutivo per la costruzione del muro col Messico ma i cittadini di Flint, nel Michigan, sono ancora senza acqua potabile”.

“No, stavolta Jim Hopper – il Capo della Polizia della serie Stranger Things – non verrà a salvarci. Questo non è uno show della TV. Questa è la vita reale. E come Mike, Lucas, Dustin e Eleven, dobbiamo vigilare affinché questa amministrazione possa gestire le proprie responsabilità, così da poter scappare dalla nostra versione di Upside Down”, conclude Cicilline.

Ieri notte ho pubblicato un tweet riguardo l’intervento di Cicilline al Congresso. Mi ha ringraziato. Un membro del Parlamento italiano non l’avrebbe mai fatto, ma uno degli Stati Uniti, sì.

Viviamo davvero in un mondo “sottosopra”.

Bowling Green, il massacro mai avvenuto

Come è facile manipolare l’opinione pubblica attraverso gli alternative facts

di Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

Avete mai sentito parlare del Massacro di Bowling Green?

Probabilmente no, ma se siete avvezzi a credere alle bufale di siti internet quali sostenitori.info, gazzettanews24, Stop Euro (per una lista di fonti non attendibili vi rimando a www.bufale.net) non siete molto diversi dagli elettori statunitensi che hanno creduto ad una serie di “Alternative Facts” portata avanti da vari media – Breitbart in primis – e che hanno contribuito all’elezione di Donald J. Trump alla presidenza degli Stati Uniti.

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Kellyanne Conway, Consigliere di Donald Trump, inventore del Bowling Green Massacre

Secondo un sondaggio nazionale condotto dalla Public Policy Polling il 66% degli americani ritiene che gli Stati Uniti siano una Nazione sicura, contro il 23% che pensa l’esatto contrario.

Solo il 45% degli statunitensi pensa sia giusto il Muslim Ban e tra questi, il 51% crede che sia necessario a causa del Massacro di Bowling Green. Che non è mai avvenuto.

È un fatto inventato da Kellyanne Conway nel corso di alcune interviste. Consigliere di Trump, Conway ha utilizzato questa bufala per giustificare lo stop all’ingresso negli USA per i cittadini provenienti da alcuni Stati a maggioranza musulmana.

Qual è la morale di questa storia? Semplicemente, l’ignoranza è una brutta bestia, ma si può sempre migliorare.

EUNAVFOR Med graduated the first 89 cadets of Libya’s Coast Guard and Navy

More than 13,000 migrants have been rescued from the sea in the course of the operation Sophia

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

LA VALLETTA, FEBRUARY 8 – The first training course of 89 Libyan cadets of the Coast Guard and Navy of the Northern African country came to an end today. Italian Navy cruiser “San Giorgio” hosted the graduation ceremony attended by European High Representative for Foreign Policy Federica Mogherini, Italian Defence Minister Roberta Pinotti, Maltese Prime Minister Joseph Muscat, and the Head of EUNAVFOR Med Mission Admiral Enrico Credentino.

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“Migration is an epochal emergency. There is no immediate solution but we are try to manage this phenomenon as best as we can, in adherence to your values, our law and our identity”, Minister Pinotti told the new graduates. The Italian government representative stressed that in January new boats full of migrants left Libya in spite of dangerously bad weather. “The Libyan Coast Guard saved over 1200 people, an encouraging sign”, Pinotti said, praising the Libyan sailors for their commitment,  courage,  competence and, last but not least, humanity.

“Migration can only be managed effectively through cooperation and partnership”, said Federica Mogherini during the ongoing Valletta Summit. Operation Sophia is a clear example of Europe’s common efforts in this field.

EUNAVFOR Med Operation Sophia is providing training to the Libyan Coast Guard and Navy. Among others, the goal of the mission is to strengthen Libyan officials’ capacities to save lives, to protect people and to make Libyan territorial waters more secure. The training comprised various components from basic seamanship to more advanced specialist skills, including a substantial focus on human rights and international law.

Italy strongly supports the operations of the European Union Naval Force, hosting the headquarters in Rome and taking an active role in the mission. Recently Italian Guardia di Finanza signed a technical agreement on the Libyan cadets training, contributing to enhancing their skills throughout 8 sessions, one in the morning and one in the evening, for four days.

In 2016 the UN Security Council authorised inspections of suspected embargo-breaking vessels off Libya’s coast, unanimously adopting resolution 2292. The resolution, in an effort to implement the arms embargo imposed on Libya, “authorizes Member States, acting nationally or through regional organizations, to inspect vessels on the high seas off the coast of Libya believed to be in violation of the embargo”. Operation Sophia’s mandate was reinforced  by the Council of the European Union in July 2016 adding two supporting tasks: the training of the Libyan Navy Coast Guard and Libyan Navy, and the contribution to the implementation of the UN arms embargo on the high seas off the coast of Libya.

More than 13,000 migrants have been rescued from the sea in the course of the operation Sophia.

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

Humanitarian Corridors: 40 refugees from Syria arrive safely in Italy

Mario Giro: “Walls and bans of people from specific countries will end up creating  a lack of security in the United States”

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

ROME, JANUARY 31 – While in the United States and abroad airports were thrown into chaos by president Donald Trump executive order on immigration, Rome’s Fiumicino has become an international welcoming hub for refugees: another group of 40 Syrians – the first for this year – landed yesterday in the Italian capital’s hub, hoping to start a new life.

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Children playing table football in Rome, Italy

The Syrian children were given balloons as they arrived, and a colorful sign reading “Welcome to Italy” greeted the latest group of refugees to be resettled in the country via an agreement between the government and a Catholic-Protestant collaboration. Italy’s deputy foreign minister, Mario Giro, greeted the Syrians and insisted on the obligation to welcome those fleeing war.

The Humanitarian Corridors is Italy’s answer to the migrant crisis through which people coming from war zones are welcomed in a safe and controlled way. Syrians and Iraqis displaced in Lebanon and soon refugees from sub-Saharan countries, Eritreans, Somalis and Sudanese in Ethiopia have now a chance to reach the European continent without having to pay thousands of dollars to smugglers, then putting their lives at risk in the Mediterranean. This is an example of how States can fight human trafficking.

The project is backed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Ministry of Interior, Community of Sant’Egidio, Federation of Evangelical Churches in Italy, and Tavola Valdese. With this last arrival the number of refugees involved in the project counts 540. The 40 Syrians landed in Italy yesterday come from the cities of Aleppo, Homs and Damascus: among them many children, women and elderly people.

The Humanitarian Corridors are completely financed by the organizations that have promoted the pilot project: taxpayers are not economically involved in the costs. The funds come through the “eight per a thousand” tax provision of the Waldensian Church and other fundraising.

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A group of Syrians arrived in Rome’s Fiumicino airport, Italy

“Walls and bans of people from specific countries will end up creating  a lack of security in the United States”, said Giro, himself a member of the Community of Sant’Egidio, commenting President Trump’s decision to stop the entry in the U.S. for the next 90 days for people coming from Iraq, Iran, Syria, Yemen, Sudan, Libya and Somalia. “Italy wants to solve the problems. We don’t want to increase hate, but instead create policies which work, such as the organized acceptance and distribution of refugees, coupled with economic accords with countries of origin”, added Giro, welcoming the refugees at Fiumicino.

Bernard Cazeneuve, French Prime Minister, has recently shown his will to adopt the Humanitarian Corridors model. Cazeneuve took part at the annual event of the Fédération protestante de France where François Clavairoly, FPF’s president, has announced that the protestant federation has reached an agreement with the French government and the Community of Sant’Egidio for welcoming refugees in the same pattern of the Humanitarian Corridors.

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

Yemen: UN officials warn of “dangerous escalation, risk of famine for 2017”

Italy called for immediate cessation of hostility and humanitarian access

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

NEW YORK, JANUARY 27 – The terrible conditions of the civilians and the tragic consequences for the Yemeni people who will risk a famine in 2017 were on the agenda on Thursday of a UN Security Council meeting when the escalation of the war in Yemen was discussed by the UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, and by Stephen O’Brien, UN Emergency Relief Coordinator.

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Italy called for immediate cessation of hostility and humanitarian access, “indispensable elements to guarantee an improvement for local people’s conditions”, in the belief that an immediate ceasefire is the only way to improve Yemenis alarming and critical situation, followed by a political solution and the renewal of peace talks under the auspices of the United Nations.

The scenario in which the UN is working is precarious: armed hostilities continues in many areas, where civilians in Taiz suffer from “indiscriminate shelling in the city’s residential areas, with such attacks increasing in recent days”, the UN Special Envoy said. With the launch of operation ‘Golden Spear’ by the Yemeni Government and allied forces the western coastline faced the increasing of ground fighting and airstrikes.

Yemenis’ lives are at stake. The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O’Brien warned on the risk of famine for 2017 if there is no immediate action. Data show that the situation is worsening especially for children, with 2.2 million boys and girls acutely malnourished: a 63% increase since late 2015. In his remarks, O’Brien said that 14 million people are food insecure, half of them are severely food insecure. “Yemeni are forced to miss meals and eat food with poor nutritional value. Children are going to bed hungry every night”.

O’Brien said that in order to support the 2017 humanitarian response the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs needs $2 billion so to targeting 10 million of the most vulnerable people in Yemen. The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator asked then the Member States “to pledge generously at the forthcoming Yemen Pledging Conference in late March”.

The UN Special Envoy for Yemen met early in January with President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi, Prime Minister Ahmed bin Daghr and Foreign Minister Abdel Malik Mekhlafi. He has also spoken with senior officials from the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Oman and Qatar in Riyadh, Muscat and Doha. During these talks the Special Envoy affirmed that “Yemen’s political elites have a responsibility to shield people from further harm, protect their country’s future and commit to a peaceful settlement”. Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed asked the Yemeni President “to act swiftly and engage constructively with the UN’s proposal for the sake of the country’s future”.

According to UN data, the war in Yemen caused the death of 10,000 people in two years. The United Nations Children’s Fund has recently renewed its call on the people involved in the country’s conflict to protect children and stop attacks on civilian structures. UNICEF says that since the escalation of the conflict in March 2015 nearly 1,400 children have been killed and at least 2,140 injured. Nearly 2,000 schools in the country have been damaged or destroyed, or are being used for military purposes.

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

“Amazonía sin Fuego”: a photo-book on one of Italian Cooperation’s best practices presented in La Paz

Climate change is a serious threat for Bolivia: from the reduction of ice coverage of the glaciers to the farmers’ profit loss

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

ROME, JANUARY 26 – Years ago the Italian Cooperation launched an initiative called “Amazonía sin Fuego” with the goal to reduce forest fires in the Amazon Forest safeguarding local inhabitants, animals and plants of that region.

“Amazonía sin Fuego” is one of Italian Cooperation’s best practices in environmental conservation and sustainable rural development, a model already followed in Brazil for ten years (1999-2009), activated then in Bolivia in 2011 and in Ecuador in 2016.

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Forest fires in the Bolivian Amazon is a centennial plague that contributes to the climate change phenomenon in the South American country, a nation that hosts a huge biodiversity as glaciers and tropical forests. According to satellite pictures, the reduction of ice coverage of Bolivian glaciers, which lie at an altitude of more than 5000 metres, is clear. The use of fire in agricultural and production activities is a dangerous method that put at risk the lives of people and thousands of acres of farmland and forest.

Top institutional representatives of Italy, Bolivia and other agencies that support the programme took part at the presentation of a photo-book that contains the shots of Italian journalist Liza Boschin, an event hosted in Bolivia’s La Paz by local Ministry of the Environment.

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Italian journalist Liza Boschin

Boschin works for Rai, Italian national public broadcasting company. “I’ve been in Bolivia in January 2016 for a reportage for ‘Presadiretta’ television show, trying to understand the effects of climate change on local glaciers and the rainforest”, she told Onuitalia. “I met there those who work for the ‘Amazonía sin Fuego’ programme and officials of Italian Embassy in La Paz that explained me how they teach different sustainable agriculture techniques to Amazonian farmers. With this photo-book, ‘Amazonía sin Fuego’, we want to share a clear message in order to make people aware about the risks caused by bad practices, like the use of fire in agriculture, or the effects of big cities’ pollution like La Paz on local farmers’ productions: high temperatures and drought are attempting their lives, survival and profits. I visited several areas with Roberto Bianchi, coordinator of ‘Amazonía sin Fuego’: we can export this model to other countries that face the same issues”, concluded Boschin.

The big consensus around the project was reaffirmed by the attendance at the event of Alexandra Moreira, Bolivian Environment Minister, together with Italian Ambassador to Bolivia Placido Vigo and the Director of the overseas office of AICS – Italian Agency for Development Cooperation – in La Paz, Vincenzo Oddo. Representatives of the Development Bank of Latin America (CAF) and of the Technical Cooperation service of the Brazilian Embassy in Bolivia – which, in partnership with Italy, finances the programme – also participated at the initiative.

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Ambassador Vigo highlighted the efforts made by the different institutions involved, underlining the importance of “Amazonía sin Fuego” as an initiative with a regional scope and vision. The project crossed states and political borders, becoming a good example of international management of sustainable development.

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

Alfano in Tunis: Italy with Tunisia, strengthening democratic institutions

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

TUNIS, JANUARY 20 – The so-called Arab Spring has changed the political asset of the African-Mediterranean countries, where new governments and political parties are still trying to define the balance of power after years of clashes and tumults. Tunisia is a unique case of success, where a working political class and democratic institutions have already adopted a modern Constitution that shaped the future of the Northern African country.

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Italian Foreign Minister Angelino Alfano and the President of republic of Tunisia Beji Caid Essebsi

In this framework Italy plays an important role, reaffirmed by Angelino Alfano, Italian Foreign Minister in yesterday’s visit to Tunis. Alfano met with Beji Caid Essebsi, President of the Republic of Tunisia, the Prime Minister Youssef Chahed and his counterpart Khemaies Jhinaoui. The officials had talks about economy, culture, fight against terrorism and migrations, key topics of the international agenda.

Minister Alfano recalled “the historic continuity and the commonalities of bilateral relations between the two countries” and said that Italy wants to boost the cooperation with Tunisia in every aspects. In May Italy is to host the G7 meeting in Taormina, Sicily, and Tunisia is invited to take part in the event. “Italy and Tunisia have in common history, geography, a mutual culture and above all a deep friendship”, said Angelino Alfano.

Italy strongly support Tunisia institutions: the President of the Republic Mattarella will meet Beji Caid Essebsi in February. “President (Mattarella) is happy to welcome you, our staffs are working together to organize the meeting for the best success and to reach concrete results”, affirmed Alfano talking with Essebsi. “Tunisian democracy is a precious treasure, a barrier against Islamic fanaticism”.

There are several important project on which Italy and Tunisia are working: youth training opportunities; economic development of the hinterland; the fight against terrorism; the energy interconnectivity. Alfano mentioned the support for young Tunisians by proposing the “Erasmus of the Mediterranean”, a proposal that has the goal to “unite the young generations through a new version of the consolidated and successful EU member states Socrates/Erasmus programme”, affirmed the Foreign Minister.

During a press conference, Minister Alfano and his colleague Jhinaoui agreed on a common management of Italy-Tunisia border. “We have the same enemy: human traffickers”, said Alfano. Italy rescues thousands of migrants trying to reach Europe via the Mediterranean: according to the IOM, the UN International Organization for Migrations, since the beginning of 2017 3,156 human beings arrived in Europe, 2,393 saved by Italian authorities. Last December Italian Coast Guard was appointed UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador “as recognition for its efforts in rescuing thousands of minor migrants and refugees”.

Iran: Cardi, “nuclear deal works, proof that diplomacy brings solutions”

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

NEW YORK, JANUARY 19 – The Iranian nuclear deal is working and is  “a proof of how diplomacy can effectively lead to a solution to nuclear non-proliferation issues”, the Italian Representative to the UN Sebastiano Cardi said on Wednesday, addressing a UN Security Council debate on non-proliferation convened by the Swedish rotating presidency. Cardi spoke in his national capacities after presenting, in his role as Facilitator, a six month report on the mechanism of implementation of the agreement announced in Vienna on July 14 2015 by the representatives of Iran, the five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany, and the European Union.

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Sebastiano Cardi, Permanent Representative of Italy to the United Nations

The deal, also known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPoA, has been set up with a robust and comprehensive structure, supported by a solid verification mechanism, in order to enhance the transparency of the deal. “From 18 July to 20 December 2016, there have been more than 72,000 page views of the resolution 2231 website – a key channel of information – for a total of more than 140,000 since its creation”, Cardi noted.

Italy inherited from Spain the role of Facilitator, as Rome became one of the ten non-permanent member of the Security Council on January 1 2017. Touching on the main three aspects of the document and mentioning the two quarterly reports on verification and monitoring activities of the IAEA, the Italian official specifies how Iran “has not pursued construction of the existing Arak heavy water research reactor based on its original design, and that Iran has not conducted any uranium enrichment or related research and activities at the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant”. Cardi quoted then the IAEA Director General, confirming that the Islamic Republic of Iran, removing all excess centrifuges and infrastructure from the Fordow Plant, has followed the guidelines of the JCPoA.

Previously Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, said that the UN “has not received any report, nor is aware of any open source information regarding the supply, sale or transfer to Iran of nuclear-related items undertaken contrary to the provisions of the resolution”.

In his speech as Italian Representative, Sebastiano Cardi stressed on how Italy’s commitment to reinforce IAEA’s job remains strong, and highlighted the leadership role of Federica Mogherini, European Union Foreign Affairs High Representative, which coordinated the Joint Commission established by the JCPoA.

January 16 was the second anniversary of the Implementation Day, a milestone for the international community that shaped a new form of relations with Iran. Sebastiano Cardi said that “it is clear that the JCPoA is working for all”, and together with the 2015 Security Council resolution on ‘Ballistic missile-related transfers and activities’, has made important steps forward so far.

Gerusalemme, 4 militari morti in un attentato

Ci vorranno giorni, e fonti autorevoli, prima di capire ciò che ha realmente spinto Fadi Qanbar ad uccidere i soldati dell’IDF

di Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

Non basterebbe una vita per capire le dinamiche che intercorrono tra le parti dell’annoso conflitto israelo-palestinese. Credo, tuttavia, che avere un punto di partenza sia d’aiuto: Israele e Palestina sono due Stati in guerra. Il primo rivendica il diritto all’esistenza, il secondo un riconoscimento che tarda ad arrivare. La violenza è all’ordine del giorno, da una parte e dall’altra.

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Il Ministro della Difesa Lieberman e il PM Netanyahu sul luogo dell’attentato. Photo: RONEN ZVULUN/REUTERS

Nella giornata di domenica 8 gennaio Fadi Qanbar, abitante di Gerusalemme est, palestinese, padre di quattro figli, alla guida di un camion si è scagliato contro un gruppo di militari — tre donne e un uomo, tutti dell’età di 20 anni — uccidendone 4. Il video mostra chiaramente come Qanbar abbia voluto colpire i soldati israeliani, tornando per giunta in retromarcia sui corpi a terra.

Immediate le reazioni della politica israeliana. Il Primo Ministro Benjamin Netanyahu ha pubblicato una serie di tweets per commentare l’accaduto.

Secondo Netanyahu, l’attacco rientra all’interno di un quadro generale progettato dall’Isis, dove Gerusalemme è l’ultima città colpita dopo i fatti avvenuti in Francia e Germania.

“Questo attacco fa parte della stessa battaglia contro la piaga globale del nuovo terrorismo”, scrive Netanyahu.

“Possiamo combatterlo solo insieme — prosegue il Primo Ministro — ma dobbiamo combatterlo, e noi lo faremo”.

Secondo Avigdor Lieberman, Ministro della Difesa, “l’attacco non è avvenuto a causa della questione degli insediamenti, ma perché siamo ebrei e viviamo in Israele. E’ un attacco ispirato dall’Isis”.

Prima di Lieberman, il viceministro agli Affari Esteri Tzipi Hotovely aveva detto che “l’attentato ha come ispirazione la Conferenza di Pace di Parigi e dev’essere preso dalla comunità internazionale come prova del fatto che i palestinesi non sono interessati alla pace”.

Il giornalista Dov Lieber del Times of Israel riporta le parole della sorella dell’attentatore, secondo la quale Qanbar era religioso, e senza legami con gruppi terroristici. “Dio l’ha scelto per questo martirio. Ringraziamo Dio per questo…è il più bello dei martìri”.

Le Brigate al-Qassam, braccio armato del partito politico Hamas, affermano che Qanbar era un ‘Mujahid’. Aqsa TV si spinge oltre, chiamandolo ‘eroe’ e definendo l’attacco una ‘risposta naturale’.

I rapporti tra il Governo Netanyahu e quello di Abu Mazen si sono ulteriormente incrinati all’indomani della decisione del Consiglio di Sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite di condannare Israele per l’occupazione illegale dei territori palestinesi. Netanyahu ha deciso di proseguire per la sua strada, invitando alla costruzione di nuovi insediamenti.

Ma l’episodio violento di Gerusalemme chiama in causa Hamas. Netanyahu e Lieberman hanno esplicitamente parlato di Isis, che con Hamas non ha nulla a che fare. La Striscia di Gaza, controllata dal partito palestinese, ha più volte visto nascere gruppi minori legati al Califfato, prontamente bloccati da Hamas che non ha intenzione di perdere potere sul territorio.

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Membri delle Brigate al-Qassam. Photo: Wissam Nassar/Xinhua Press/Corbis

Nel 2015 Daesh ha realizzato un video nel quale minacciava Hamas, colpevole di non essere abbastanza duro sulle questioni religiose e di non aver imposto la Sharia.

Per tutti i motivi sopra citati, non è facile ed immediato dare una risposta reale sui motivi che hanno spinto Qanbar ad uccidere i 4 soldati. Ma sia la politica israeliana che quella palestinese cercano di attribuire il proprio significato politico all’attentato.

Consiglio di Sicurezza, condanna per Israele

È la prima risoluzione da 8 anni che l’organo delle Nazioni Unite prende sulla questione Israele-Palestina

di Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

Con 14 voti a favore e l’astensione degli Stati Uniti, passa al Consiglio di Sicurezza delle Nazioni Unite la risoluzione che chiede l’immediata fine della costruzione da parte di Israele di abitazioni nei Territori Palestinesi.

UN Photo/Manuel Elias

Il Segretario Generale delle Nazioni Unite, l’uscente Ban Ki-moon che dal 1° Gennaio verrà sostituito dal portoghese Antonio Guterres alla guida dell’organizzazione intergovernamentale, approva la decisione del Security Council, risoluzione che afferma – si legge nel comunicato rilasciato dall’Onu – “l’illegalità dell’occupazione dei Territori Palestinesi”, risalente dal 1967, costituendo una “flagrante violazione ” del diritto internazionale ed un “grosso ostacolo alla soluzione due-Stati, nonché alla pace giusta, duratura e completa”.

Immediate le reazioni dalle varie missioni presenti alle Nazioni Unite, nonché dai leader palestinesi e israeliani.

Riyad Mansour, Rappresentante Permanente dello Stato di Palestina all’Onu, ringrazia il Consiglio affermando l’importanza della decisione presa e ricordando i punti principali della risoluzione, tra i quali il ripristino dei confini decisi dalle Nazioni Unite il 4 Giugno 1967.

Dura la reazione israeliana.

Il Primo Ministro Netanyahu ha dichiarato che Israele non rispetterà la decisione del Consiglio di Sicurezza.

Netanyahu, secondo il quale la risoluzione è “vergognosa”, ha richiamato per consultazioni gli Ambasciatori di Israele in Nuova Zelanda e Senegal, Paesi co-sponsor della resolution. Israele ha deciso di cancellare la visita del Ministro degli Esteri senegalese, e annullato il programma d’aiuto economico allo Stato africano.

Diverse le reazioni degli altri Stati membri dell’Onu.

Da più parti pare palese che la decisione statunitense, votata tramite la Permanent Representative Samantha Power, di far passare la risoluzione con l’astensione di Washington sia un attacco a Donald Trump dall’amministrazione uscente, un modo per mettere in difficoltà, da parte dei Democratici, il nuovo Presidente. Che comunque è tradizionalmente legato ad Israele: la sua reazione è più che esplicita.

Barack Obama ha avuto molteplici occasioni nelle quali avrebbe potuto riavviare il processo di pace e, sul fronte interno, diminuire i sovvenzionamenti economici per Israele. Ha fatto poco o nulla a riguardo.

Sicuramente il primo Presidente nero della Casa Bianca si è voluto togliere un sassolino dalla scarpa, una conferma dei rapporti non idilliaci con Netanyahu negli anni del suo mandato.