In 2008 the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan were at the highest point of cruelty, and the economic crisis was spreading all over the world. George W. Bush, at the end of the presidential mandate, and his staff – Cheney, Rice and Rumsfield – were not able to manage the tasks they were given: a public debt growing because of the military expenditures, Osama Bin Laden still alive, an high unemployment rate.
Barack H. Obama, after months of tough campaign, was appointed as the leader of the Democratic Party, endorsed by the most important figures among the democrats (e.g. Ted Kennedy): in the last democratic convention in 2008, Hillary Clinton decided to withdrawn from the race to the leadership of the party, giving her support to the young black senator.
With fresh ideas and strong beliefs, Obama gained consensus among the poorest and the middle-class citizens, reaching the victory in November, 2008. In his first speech, Obama promised to shape an egalitarian America, with no differentiations between races or social classes, the reform of the health-care system, and no more “boots on the ground”: all the troops from Afghanistan and Iraq had to come back home. The international community looked at the new president with hope; the republican rhetoric “with us or against us” was ended, and Obama started to spread a different message: “we have to reach a global peace, we need a world without nuclear weapons”.