Etichettato: Security Council

North Korea, the Security Council condemns attempts to evade sanctions

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

NEW YORK, FEBRUARY 28 – The U.N. Security Council discussed the sanctions imposed on Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Sebastiano Cardi, Permanent Representative of Italy to the United Nations, briefed the Council as Chair of the 1718 DPRK Sanctions Committee, which oversees the sanctions imposed by the Security Council. Chair’s briefs are held every 90 days, but yesterday’s meeting was the occasion to further analyze February’s North Korea ballistic missile test.

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Volodymyr Yelchenko, Ukraine Ambassador and President of the Security Council for the month of February, summarized the discussions on the topic at the Security Council Media Stakeout.

Welcoming the 90-day report of the Chair, Member States “have unanimously condemned North Korea’s attempts to evade the sanctions imposed by the SC, and emphasized the importance of full compliance with the relevant resolutions as well as their intention to work jointly to reduce tensions in the Korean Peninsula”. Ambassador Yelchenko added that “Members of Security Council agreed to continue to closely monitor the situation and work to achieve denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula”.

Talking to the media, Italian Ambassador Sebastiano Cardi said that the Security Council meeting had focused on how to improve the sanctions. According to Cardi, the Council needs more National Implementation Reports, and it’s essential to redouble the efforts for this purpose. Italy, as Chair of the 1718 Sanctions Committee, is committed to working with member States in order to overcome technical difficulties that could slow down the resolutions’ fulfillment. Ambassador Cardi stressed the commitment to minimize the sanctions’ impact on the civil population, following in this way the Council’s resolutions.

Adopted by the Security Council on October 14, 2006,  Resolution 1718 – together with several other resolutions voted by the Council over the years – condemns DPRK’s nuclear activities, while the Committee oversees the sanctions measures imposed by the Security Council. Following the Security Council resolution 2321 adopted on November 30, 2016, the Council of the European Union adopted yesterday legal acts imposing further restrictions on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea.

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

Yemen: UN officials warn of “dangerous escalation, risk of famine for 2017”

Italy called for immediate cessation of hostility and humanitarian access

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

NEW YORK, JANUARY 27 – The terrible conditions of the civilians and the tragic consequences for the Yemeni people who will risk a famine in 2017 were on the agenda on Thursday of a UN Security Council meeting when the escalation of the war in Yemen was discussed by the UN Special Envoy for Yemen, Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed, and by Stephen O’Brien, UN Emergency Relief Coordinator.

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Italy called for immediate cessation of hostility and humanitarian access, “indispensable elements to guarantee an improvement for local people’s conditions”, in the belief that an immediate ceasefire is the only way to improve Yemenis alarming and critical situation, followed by a political solution and the renewal of peace talks under the auspices of the United Nations.

The scenario in which the UN is working is precarious: armed hostilities continues in many areas, where civilians in Taiz suffer from “indiscriminate shelling in the city’s residential areas, with such attacks increasing in recent days”, the UN Special Envoy said. With the launch of operation ‘Golden Spear’ by the Yemeni Government and allied forces the western coastline faced the increasing of ground fighting and airstrikes.

Yemenis’ lives are at stake. The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O’Brien warned on the risk of famine for 2017 if there is no immediate action. Data show that the situation is worsening especially for children, with 2.2 million boys and girls acutely malnourished: a 63% increase since late 2015. In his remarks, O’Brien said that 14 million people are food insecure, half of them are severely food insecure. “Yemeni are forced to miss meals and eat food with poor nutritional value. Children are going to bed hungry every night”.

O’Brien said that in order to support the 2017 humanitarian response the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs needs $2 billion so to targeting 10 million of the most vulnerable people in Yemen. The UN Emergency Relief Coordinator asked then the Member States “to pledge generously at the forthcoming Yemen Pledging Conference in late March”.

The UN Special Envoy for Yemen met early in January with President Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi, Prime Minister Ahmed bin Daghr and Foreign Minister Abdel Malik Mekhlafi. He has also spoken with senior officials from the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Oman and Qatar in Riyadh, Muscat and Doha. During these talks the Special Envoy affirmed that “Yemen’s political elites have a responsibility to shield people from further harm, protect their country’s future and commit to a peaceful settlement”. Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed asked the Yemeni President “to act swiftly and engage constructively with the UN’s proposal for the sake of the country’s future”.

According to UN data, the war in Yemen caused the death of 10,000 people in two years. The United Nations Children’s Fund has recently renewed its call on the people involved in the country’s conflict to protect children and stop attacks on civilian structures. UNICEF says that since the escalation of the conflict in March 2015 nearly 1,400 children have been killed and at least 2,140 injured. Nearly 2,000 schools in the country have been damaged or destroyed, or are being used for military purposes.

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

Iran: Cardi, “nuclear deal works, proof that diplomacy brings solutions”

This article first appeared in Onuitalia, independent news site on Italy’s contribution to the life and ideals of the United Nations

by Matteo Meloni

Twitter: @melonimatteo

NEW YORK, JANUARY 19 – The Iranian nuclear deal is working and is  “a proof of how diplomacy can effectively lead to a solution to nuclear non-proliferation issues”, the Italian Representative to the UN Sebastiano Cardi said on Wednesday, addressing a UN Security Council debate on non-proliferation convened by the Swedish rotating presidency. Cardi spoke in his national capacities after presenting, in his role as Facilitator, a six month report on the mechanism of implementation of the agreement announced in Vienna on July 14 2015 by the representatives of Iran, the five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany, and the European Union.

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Sebastiano Cardi, Permanent Representative of Italy to the United Nations

The deal, also known as Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action or JCPoA, has been set up with a robust and comprehensive structure, supported by a solid verification mechanism, in order to enhance the transparency of the deal. “From 18 July to 20 December 2016, there have been more than 72,000 page views of the resolution 2231 website – a key channel of information – for a total of more than 140,000 since its creation”, Cardi noted.

Italy inherited from Spain the role of Facilitator, as Rome became one of the ten non-permanent member of the Security Council on January 1 2017. Touching on the main three aspects of the document and mentioning the two quarterly reports on verification and monitoring activities of the IAEA, the Italian official specifies how Iran “has not pursued construction of the existing Arak heavy water research reactor based on its original design, and that Iran has not conducted any uranium enrichment or related research and activities at the Fordow Fuel Enrichment Plant”. Cardi quoted then the IAEA Director General, confirming that the Islamic Republic of Iran, removing all excess centrifuges and infrastructure from the Fordow Plant, has followed the guidelines of the JCPoA.

Previously Jeffrey Feltman, Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, said that the UN “has not received any report, nor is aware of any open source information regarding the supply, sale or transfer to Iran of nuclear-related items undertaken contrary to the provisions of the resolution”.

In his speech as Italian Representative, Sebastiano Cardi stressed on how Italy’s commitment to reinforce IAEA’s job remains strong, and highlighted the leadership role of Federica Mogherini, European Union Foreign Affairs High Representative, which coordinated the Joint Commission established by the JCPoA.

January 16 was the second anniversary of the Implementation Day, a milestone for the international community that shaped a new form of relations with Iran. Sebastiano Cardi said that “it is clear that the JCPoA is working for all”, and together with the 2015 Security Council resolution on ‘Ballistic missile-related transfers and activities’, has made important steps forward so far.